Properly constructed private water supply systems require little routine maintenance.  These simple steps will help protect your system and investment.  Always use licensed or certified water well drillers and pump installers when a well is constructed, a pump is installed, or the systems served.  An annual well maintenance check including a bacterial test is recommended.

Any drinking water should be checked anytime there is a change in taste, odor, or appearance; and anytime a water supply system is serviced.

Periodically check the well cover or well cap on top of the casing (well) to ensure it is in good repair.  Always maintain proper separation between your well buildings, waste systems, or chemical storage.  Don't allow back-siphonage.  When mixing pesticides, fertilizers or other chemicals, don't put the hose inside the tank or container.


When landscaping, keep the top of your well at least one foot above the ground.  Slope the ground away from your well for proper drainage. Take care in working or mowing around your well. A damaged casing could jeopardize the sanitary protection of your well. 

Keep your well records in a safe place.  These include the construction report, as well as annual water well system maintenance, and water testing results.